Handover Analysis Of 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) At A Frequency Of 2400 Mhz


  • Al Habib Maulana Akhyar Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Afrizal Yuhanef Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Dikky Chandra Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Yulindon Politeknik Negeri Padang




Drive Test, Informatics Engineering, Internet, Telecommunication Engineering, Handover


Information technology has now become a primary need for many individuals, facilitating access to various needs, including work, learning, and other activities. Mobile phones allow users to stay connected to the internet without interruption, even when traveling out of town, thanks to their ability to switch between cells or through a process known as handover. The focus of this article is on the impact of handover on 4G LTE networks. The data collection approach in this research uses the drive test method by utilizing the tems pocket application to retrieve internet network data. The research results highlight the importance of understanding how handover can affect 4G LTE network performance. With the role of information technology increasingly dominating everyday life, a deep understanding of technical aspects such as handover has become essential to maintaining the quality and efficient availability of cellular communications services.



Download data is not yet available.


Aceto, G., Persico, V., & Pescapé, A. (2019). A survey on information and communication technologies for industry 4.0: State-of-the-art, taxonomies, perspectives, and challenges. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 21(4), 3467–3501. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2019.2938259

Al-Turjman, F., Nawaz, M. H., & Ulusar, U. D. (2020). Intelligence in the Internet of Medical Things era: A systematic review of current and future trends. Computer Communications, 150, 644–660. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2019.12.030

Ali, A., Al-Rimy, B. A. S., Almazroi, A. A., Alsubaei, F. S., Almazroi, A. A., & Saeed, F. (2023). Securing secrets in cyber-physical systems: A cutting-edge privacy approach with consortium blockchain. Sensors, 23(16), 7162. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/s23167162

Allioui, H., Mourdi, Y., & others. (2023). Unleashing the potential of AI: Investigating cutting-edge technologies that are transforming businesses. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Data Science (IJCEDS), 3(2), 1–12.

Balogun, N. A., Ehikhamenor, F. A., Mejabi, O. V., Oyekunle, R. A., Bello, O. W., & Afolayan, O. T. (2020). Exploring information and communication technology among rural dwellers in sub-Saharan African communities. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 12(5), 533–545. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2019.1700668

Bansal, S., & Kumar, D. (2020). IoT ecosystem: A survey on devices, gateways, operating systems, middleware and communication. International Journal of Wireless Information Networks, 27, 340–364. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10776-020-00483-7

Biden, J. R. (2021). Interim national security strategic guidance. The White House, 8.

Cao, J., Ma, M., Li, H., Ma, R., Sun, Y., Yu, P., & Xiong, L. (2019). A survey on security aspects for 3GPP 5G networks. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 22(1), 170–195. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2019.2951818

Čaušević, S., & Medić, A. (2021). 4G to 5G Network Evolution: Advantages and Differences. SAR Journal (2619-9955), 4(4). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18421/SAR44-01

Chen, L., Zou, J., Lan, M., Zhao, Y., & Ge, S. (2023). Human Body Shadowing Properties of the Sub-6GHz Electromagnetic-Wave Mainstream Frequency Band. IEEE Access. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3301339

Elazhary, H. (2019). Internet of Things (IoT), mobile cloud, cloudlet, mobile IoT, IoT cloud, fog, mobile edge, and edge emerging computing paradigms: Disambiguation and research directions. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 128, 105–140. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2018.10.021

Farsi, M., Elhosseini, M. A., Badawy, M., Ali, H. A., & Eldin, H. Z. (2019). Deployment techniques in wireless sensor networks, coverage and connectivity: A survey. Ieee Access, 7, 28940–28954. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2902072

Fitzek, F. H. P., Granelli, F., & Seeling, P. (2020). Computing in Communication Networks: From Theory to Practice.

Iqbal, M., & Prasetyo, D. (2019). Perbandingan Quality Of Service (Qos) Jaringan 4g Lte Beberapa Provider Menggunakan Sistem Operasi Linux Ubuntu Server 18.10. Jaringan Sistem Informasi Robotik-JSR, 3(2), 239–249.

Islam, S. M., Bhattacharjee, S., & Azim, M. A. (n.d.). Study and Analysis of the Radiation Effects of the Cellphone, BTS Tower and Local Wi-Fi Router on Human Body.

Kheddar, H. (2022). Fron 2G to 4G Mobile Network: Architecture and Key Performance Indicators. ArXiv Preprint ArXiv:2210.00642.

Kolluru, D. S., & Reddy, P. B. (2021). Review on communication technologies in telecommunications from conventional telephones to smart phones. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2407(1), 20003.

Krasniqi, F., Gavrilovska, L., & Maraj, A. (2019). The analysis of key performance indicators (KPI) in 4G/LTE networks. Future Access Enablers for Ubiquitous and Intelligent Infrastructures: 4th EAI International Conference, FABULOUS 2019, Sofia, Bulgaria, March 28-29, 2019, Proceedings 283, 285–296. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23976-3_25

Kurfess, T. R., Saldana, C., Saleeby, K., & Dezfouli, M. P. (2020). A review of modern communication technologies for digital manufacturing processes in industry 4.0. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 142(11), 110815. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4048206

Lebofsky, M., Croft, S., Siemion, A. P. V, Price, D. C., Enriquez, J. E., Isaacson, H., MacMahon, D. H. E., Anderson, D., Brzycki, B., Cobb, J., & others. (2019). The breakthrough listen search for intelligent life: public data, formats, reduction, and archiving. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 131(1006), 124505. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/ab3e82

Li, W., Lee, Y.-H., Chen, Y.-L., Tseng, H.-W., & Yang, C.-F. (2021). Proposed Model for Performance Analysis of Fourth-generation Mobile Wireless Communication System. Sensors & Materials, 33. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18494/SAM.2021.3175

Li, Z., Zhang, Y., Wan, Y.-M., Zhou, Q., Liu, C., Wu, H.-X., Mu, Y.-Z., He, Y.-F., Rauniyar, R., & Wu, X.-N. (2020). Testing of behavioral and cognitive development in rats after prenatal exposure to 1800 and 2400 MHz radiofrequency fields. Journal of Radiation Research, 61(2), 197–206. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rrz097

Liu, Y., Bi, S., Shi, Z., & Hanzo, L. (2019). When machine learning meets big data: A wireless communication perspective. IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, 15(1), 63–72. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/MVT.2019.2953857

Malik, P. K., Singh, R., Gehlot, A., Akram, S. V., & Kumar Das, P. (2022). Village 4.0: Digitalization of village with smart internet of things technologies. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 165, 107938. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2022.107938

Maral, G., Bousquet, M., & Sun, Z. (2020). Satellite communications systems: systems, techniques and technology. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119673811

Mawardi, C. (2019). Analisa Regulasi Network Sharing Berbasis Multi Operator Core Network (MOCN). InComTech: Jurnal Telekomunikasi Dan Komputer, 9(3), 141–150. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22441/incomtech.v9i3.6667

Mishra, A. R. (2018). Fundamentals of Network Planning and Optimisation 2G/3G/4G: Evolution to 5G. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119331797

Mourtzis, D., Angelopoulos, J., & Panopoulos, N. (2021). Smart manufacturing and tactile internet based on 5G in industry 4.0: Challenges, applications and new trends. Electronics, 10(24), 3175. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10243175

Ndashimye, E., Sarkar, N. I., & Ray, S. K. (2021). A Multi-criteria based handover algorithm for vehicle-to-infrastructure communications. Computer Networks, 185, 107652. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2020.107652

Nisyah, A., & Mustafa, L. D. (2020). Analisis Kualitas Sinyal Terhadap Performa Intra Dan Inter Handover Pada Jaringan 4G LTE Menggunakan Metode SSV. Jurnal Jartel, 10(2), 107–112. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33795/jartel.v10i2.2

Okoli, C. A., Idigo, V. E., Oguejiofor, O. S., & Ezeugbor, I. C. (2023). Performance Improvement of Handover Scheme For An Established Long Term Evolution (LTE) Network. Electroscope Journal, 11, 48–56.

Okorogu, V. N., Okafor, C. S., & Ezeagwu, C. O. (2023). Signal Tracking and Acquisition Model for Handoff Process in 4G Network. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(4), 123–136.

Otung, I. (2021). Communication engineering principles. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119765448

Petrenko, S. (2022). Cyber Security Innovation for the Digital Economy: A Case Study of the Russian Federation. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003337782

Poikajärvi, O. (2021). Design and development of protocol log analyzer for cellular modem. O. Poikajärvi.

Riyas, M. (2015). Effect of Prolonged Exposure of Mobile Phone on Auditory Function-A Cross Sectional Study Among Students and Teaching Staff of S Nijalingappa Medical College.

Safitri, nita dian, & Santosa, slamet purwo. (2016). Analisa Kegagalan Handover pada Sistem Komunikasi GSM (Global for Mobile Communication). Jurnal Ilmiah Elektrokrisna, 4(3).

Setiadi, K. A., Tjahjamooniasih, N., Marpaung, J., Imansyah, F., Studi, P., Elektro, T., Teknik, J., Teknik, F., Tanjungpura, U., Call, V., & Test, D. (2020). Analisa Kualitas Handover Terhadap Kounikasi Video Call pada Jaringan 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) berdasarkan Data Drive Test di Kota Ketapang.

Shaikh, J., & others. (2021). E-commerce business models in ethiopian market: challenges and scope. Information Technology In Industry, 9(3), 17–25.

Shakir, Z., Mjhool, A. Y., Al-Thaedan, A., Al-Sabbagh, A., & Alsabah, R. (2023). Key performance indicators analysis for 4 G-LTE cellular networks based on real measurements. International Journal of Information Technology, 15(3), 1347–1355. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s41870-023-01210-0

Sharma, P., & Singh, A. K. (2023). A survey on RF energy harvesting techniques for lifetime enhancement of wireless sensor networks. Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems, 37, 100836. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suscom.2022.100836

Sunyaev, A., & Sunyaev, A. (2020). Internet computing. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-34957-8

Syifa, M. (2019). Analisis Fluktuasi Waktu Perjalanan Saat Jam Sibuk Pada Jalan Utama Pusat Kota Langsa (Studi Kasus).

Umar Bin Farooq, M. (2021). Data Driven Optimization of Inter-Frequency Mobility Parameters for Emerging Networks. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOBECOM42002.2020.9348101

Vermesan, O., Friess, P., Guillemin, P., Gusmeroli, S., Sundmaeker, H., Bassi, A., Jubert, I. S., Mazura, M., Harrison, M., Eisenhauer, M., & others. (2022). Internet of things strategic research roadmap. Internet of Things-Global Technological and Societal Trends from Smart Environments and Spaces to Green ICT, 9–52. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003338604-2

Yang, Y., Chen, X., Tan, R., & Xiao, Y. (2021). Intelligent IoT for the Digital World: Incorporating 5G Communications and Fog/Edge Computing Technologies. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119593584

Yuhanef, A., Chandra, D., & others. (2023). Handover Analysis Of 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) At A Frequency Of 2400 Mhz. Inspiration: Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi, 13(2).

Zaidi, S. M. A. (2021). Mobility management in multi-RAT multiI-band heterogeneous networks.

Zhang, S., Zhang, H., Di, B., & Song, L. (2019). Cellular UAV-to-X communications: Design and optimization for multi-UAV networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 18(2), 1346–1359. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2019.2892131

Zhang, X. (2019). LTE Optimization Engineering Handbook. 9–25.

Zhang, Y., Wen, J., Yang, G., He, Z., & Wang, J. (2019). Path loss prediction based on machine learning: Principle, method, and data expansion. Applied Sciences, 9(9), 1908. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/app9091908




How to Cite

Akhyar, A. H. M., Afrizal Yuhanef, Dikky Chandra, & Yulindon. (2023). Handover Analysis Of 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) At A Frequency Of 2400 Mhz: . Inspiration: Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi, 13(2), 14–24. https://doi.org/10.35585/inspir.v13i2.11